Royal Armouries

Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket, Sealed Pattern

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Enfield P53 rifle

Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket, Sealed Pattern. XII.979.

  • Enfield P53 rifle

    Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket, Sealed Pattern. XII.979.

Date: 1854 | Object number: XII.979

Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket, Sealed Pattern

Description

Collection no: XII.979
Country: Britain
Date: 1859
Calibre: .577 in
Barrel length: 991 mm
Overall length: 1374 mm

The first general-issue British Army rifle, introduced in 1855.

It replaced the Pattern 1851 Minié rifle, the first British weapon to be made using interchangeable parts, thanks to the American system of manufacture. This was closer to the modern production line than the previous Ordnance System which relied upon civilian cottage industry.

The ‘Enfield’ name comes from the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield where the rifle was designed and this ‘Sealed Pattern’ reference example was made. It is also where the original Pattern Room, the predecessor of the National Firearms Centre, was located.

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