Royal Armouries

Baker Rifle

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Baker Rifle - XII.148

Baker Rifle - XII.148

  • Baker Rifle - XII.148

    Baker Rifle - XII.148

Date: 1807 | Object number: XII.148

Baker Rifle

Description

Collection no: XII.148
Country: British
Date: about 1807
Calibre: .70 in
Barrel length: 788 mm
Overall length: 1700 mm

As made famous by Bernard Cornwell’s ‘Sharpe’ character, the flintlock Baker was issued to the men of the 95th Regiment of Foot (previously the Rifle Corps) from 1800 until replaced by the percussion Brunswick rifle in 1837.

This example is of the rarer musket bore (.70 calibre), most rifles being made in carbine (.625”) bore. In stark contrast to the smoothbore musket still issued to line infantry, the Baker was capable of scoring hits on a man-sized target at 300 yards.

Perhaps more importantly, the men who used it were trained to fight more like modern infantry, and were supplied with early camouflage uniforms – green uniforms with black leather equipment instead of the traditional bright red and white appearance that was not finally abandoned for the infantry until 1896.

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