Royal Armouries

Harquebusier’s Armour

Images

monochrome photo of a three-quarter length armour on a stand

Harquebusier's armour. (II.108)

  • monochrome photo of a three-quarter length armour on a stand

    Harquebusier's armour. (II.108)

  • colour photo of James II's breastplate, helmet, and gauntlet over a buffcoat

    Armour of King James II. English, London, 1686 (II.123)

  • monochrome photo of armoured figures on foot and horseback with large firearm

    Harquebusier's armour in the New Horse Armoury, about 1870 (II.108) © Private collection 2013

  • monochrome newspaper illustration of an armoured figure on horseback

    Figure of King James II in the Horse Armoury, The Penny Magazine, 1840.

  • monochrome pencil and ink sketch of a line of armoured figures on horseback

    The Horse Armoury, by an unknown artist, early 19th century

Date: 1630 | Object number: II.108

Statistics

Object Provenance: Dutch, about 1630
Object Number: II.108

Harquebusier’s Armour

Description

The burgonet has a skull is made in two pieces joined in a low comb riveted at front and rear, and fitted with a pivoted peak bevor and single gorget plates at the front and rear. The main edges have plain inward turns bordered by single incised lines and round headed lining rivets with square washers. The peak is fitted with a nasal bar. The bevor is fastened shut by a swivel hook, decorated with a scalloped terminal, and pierced stud at the right.

The breastplate has a raised neck, a medial ridge and a narrow flange at the waist. At either side of the chest is a swivel hook and pierced stud for the shoulder straps. The main edges have plain inward turns bordered by single incised lines. At either side is a construction hole. The backplate has a raised neck and a narrow flange at the waist. The main edges have plain inward turns bordered by single incised lines. At either shoulder is a restored leather strap with re-used original scales, the terminals pierced with three holes in circular lobes and with decorative pierced finials. At the waist are modern straps and buckle, and at either side of the neck modern straps.

Each tasset is composed of seven lames overlapping upwards, articulated on sliding rivets at the outside and modern leathers at the centre and inside. The main edges have plain inward turns bordered by single incised lines and lining rivets with square washers. At the rear of the upper plate is the hasp and knuckles of a hinge with detachable pin for attachment to the culet. At the front is a modern strap. At the inner end of the upper lame of the left tasset is a riveted repair.

The culet is composed of four lames overlapping upwards, joined by rivets at either end and leathers at the centre. The main edges have plain inward turns bordered by single incised lines. At the front of either end of the upper plate is the hasp and knuckles of a hinge with detachable pin for attachment to the tassets.

Each pauldron is composed of a main plate with two lames above and five below. At the centre of the upper lame is a slot and buckle, probably modern. The lames are articulated by modern leathers at the centre and front, and by sliding rivets at the rear of the lower lames. The exterior of all elements is bright.

In the New Horse Armoury displayed behind the Line of Kings.

Old Tower collection

References

J. Hewitt, Official Catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1859: 17, II.106
Viscount Dillon, Illustrated Guide to the Armouries, Tower of London, London, 1910: 187, II.90

Statistics

Object Provenance: Dutch, about 1630
Object Number: II.108

Related Objects

Thomas Quellin(us) and the Horse Armoury Click on the title link above to find out more.

Nicholas Alcock and the Horse Armoury Click on the title link above to find out more.

William Emmett and the Horse Armoury Click on the title link above to find out more.

William Morgan and the Horse Armoury Click on the title link above to find out more.

Armour of King James II Click on the title link above to find out more.

Dates from 1686 | Object number: II.123

James II in the Line of Kings Click on the title link above to find out more.

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Line of Kings