Royal Armouries

English Civil War Buff Coat

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English Civil War Buff leather Coat and armoured breastplate

  • English Civil War Buff leather Coat and armoured breastplate

Date: 1650 | Object number: III.1942

English Civil War Buff Coat

Description

Buff leather coats were worn light cavalry in the 17th century.

Buff coats were made from the hides of cattle, treated but not tanned. They were then died a distinctive ochre yellow colour.

Leather buff coats offered good protection against sword cuts but not pikes or guns. They were however lighter than steel and worn with a bullet-proof breastplate allowed the harquebusier to be more flexible and mobile as a force.

This particular buff coat is English from about 1650 and came from the armoury at Littlecote House.

Marks: Inscribed inside the collar in brown ink “Ph. Mann(e)ring”; at the right of the waist, beneath the overlap is a red wax seal impression.

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