Chinese Mace with spherical head decorated with silver and shaft decorated with shagreen.

China

Many military inventions came from China, including the crossbow and perhaps the most important of them all, gunpowder. Chinese arms and armour could also be classed as great works of art.


Did you know?

Is newer better?

The last cast-iron British smoothbore cannon, the 68 pounder, was 8 inches (203 mm), the same calibre as the heaviest guns of King Henry VIII three hundred years earlier. Their performance was probably not very different either!