Hilt of an indian sword decorated with gold

India

Arms and armour feature as a central part of Indian culture from earliest times. The heroes of early epic stories such as the Mahabharata ride on chariots and shoot bows. Archery plays a central role in all Indian military until the widespread introduction of firearms in the 18th century.


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Mass-produced steel

The first mass-production process for making steel was invented by Englishman Henry Bessemer. Rejected by the British his process was adopted by the German gunmaker Alfred Krupp, who became the most advanced armaments manufacturer in Europe.